Tag Archive for caramel

Julia Child’s Apple Tarte Tatin

Find a vegan version of this recipe here

This is the stuff dreams are made of.

In cooking, sometimes, the whole is greater than the sum of its  parts. A few years back, in Greece, I had a Greek Salad. I was on a remote Greek Island, on a remote beach at the very end of the bus line. There were almost no tourists there, and only once place to buy things to eat. I ordered a Greek Salad, and ate it, with my fingers, sitting on the beach. It was incredibly simple: peppers, onions, tomatoes, feta cheese, olive oil, lemon juice and oregano, but the combination, along with the view, made it one of my favourite meals of all time.

Some of my favourite dishes follow this formula: a few simple, high-quality ingredients, combined in the right ratios, make stunningly flavourful dishes. Pasta + garlic + olive oil + herbs + cheese, for example. Cream + sugar + egg yolks + vanilla. Mmmm…

apple tarte tatin

Apple Tarte Tatin is an old French dessert. It is, in essence, the French version of an apple pie. It contains 4 ingredients (not including the crust): apples, sugar, butter and lemon. But the end result is a luscious, almost-candied fruit that really is elevated so far beyond the humble apple.

This recipe is all about technique, and it’s not easy. This is for those of you who like a challenge. I have tried making this a few times already, but only recently had success. There are a lot of steps, and caramel is notoriously finicky (and dangerous! it’s very easy to burn yourself). I wanted to master (hehe) Julia Child’s version, to start, but now that I feel like I’ve conquered that, I’m working on another version with quince and pears. Stay tuned.

By the way, if you want to eat this without all the work, I recommend The Truffle House in Dundarave.

Apple Tarte Tatin

(from Julia Child’s Mastering the Art of French Cooking)


  • 6 firm apples, like Granny Smiths, peeled, cored, and cut in 6ths (some recipes keep the apples halved, but I like mine in smaller slices)
  • the juice of one lemon
  • 1 1/2 c sugar
  • 6 tbsp butter
  • 1 single pie crust or puff pastry


  • Peel and core the apples, then slice them. I used my hand-dandy OXO Good Grips Apple Divider for this.
  • Toss the apples into a bowl with the lemon juice and 1/2 a cup of sugar. Toss well, then allow to sit for 20 minutes.
  • While the apples are macerating, you can start on the caramel. I used my old cast-iron frying pan for this. You need to use a frying pan that go into the oven, so no wooden or plastic handles. Melt the butter over medium-high heat, and then add the remaining cup of sugar. Keep stirring and working the caramel until the sugar is all melted into the butter, and then keep working it until it is… well… caramel in colour. Mine was a bit thick, and felt a little grainy, so I added a tablespoon of water here and there until I felt it achieved the right syrupy consistency. You have to really babysit the caramel so that it doesn’t burn, but if you stir it constantly, it may take a long time to cook, so you can leave it for a moment or two at a time, then go back to stirring it. Don’t check your email, though. This should take about 15-20 minutes. Once the caramel has achieved perfection, take it off the stove and let it cool a little.
  • Drain the apples. Arrange the apples in a circular pattern on top of the caramel. You should have enough for two layers of apples.
  • Return the pan to the heat, and allow the caramel to cook around the apples. Cover after 10 minutes, and allow to cook for about 10-15 minutes more. Every few minutes or so, push the apples down into the caramel with a spoon, squishing the juices from the apples out and allowing them to mingle with the caramel. After about 20-25 minutes, the caramel will be thickened, and the apples will be cooked down. Remove from heat.
  • Cover the apples with your pastry (cut in a circle), and tuck it under the apples on the edges of the pan if possible. Bake in a pre-heated 350 degree oven for an additional 20 minutes, or until the crust is golden.
  • Remove from the oven, and allow to cool so it is handleable. Place a large plate on top of the frying pan, and carefully flip it. The tarte tatin should now be crust-side down on the plate. Slice and serve with whipping cream or ice cream.


Pumpkin Whoopie Pies with Maple Caramel Filling

Like many 10-year-olds, my son’s favourite store-bought cookie is the Oreo. He and I have a pact: we will never be without the black-and-white sandwich cookie in our house. Now, he doesn’t actually eat them that much, so a bag of those things lasts quite a long time in our house (thank goodness!).

pumpkin whoopie pies

A couple years back, in the spirit of Oreos, I made him some whoopie pies. Now, a whoopie pie is like a homemade version of the Oreo: a chocolate cookie sandwich with vanilla icing in between.

The other day, we bought a huge can of pumpkin at the store, and I spent the next 24 hours making everything pumpkin: muffins, scones, a risotto, and these.

Let’s just say his eyes bugged out when he took the first bite, and that’s a good sign.

The cookie is made with pumpkin and all the flavours that play nicely with pumpkin: cinnamon, nutmeg, ginger and cloves. I debated a while about what to use to stick the sandwiches together, because so many things go nicely with pumpkin: apples, vanilla, even chocolate. In the end, I went with a caramel made with maple syrup. It’s pretty perfect in every way.

Pumpkin Whoopie Pies with Maple Caramel Filling

For the cookies:

  • 2 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1 teaspoon baking powder
  • 1 teaspoon baking soda
  • 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground ginger
  • 1/4 tsp each of ground cloves and nutmeg
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1/2 cup butter, softened
  • 1 1/4 cups granulated sugar
  • 2 large eggs, at room temperature, lightly beaten
  • 1 cup canned pumpkin
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract


  • In a large bowl, with an electric mixer, cream together the butter and sugar.
  • Add the eggs, one at a time, beating well after each one. Add the pumpkin and vanilla, and beat until incorporated.
  • In a medium bowl, combine all the dry ingredients, including the spices. Add the dry ingredients, a bit at  a time, to the wet, beating well each time.
  • Put the cookie dough into a piping bag or a large ziploc bag, and pipe circles (like kisses, not like a spiral) onto a parchment-lined baking sheet.
  • Bake at 350 for about 10-13 minutes, or until the top is springy. Remove from baking sheets and cool on wire racks.

For the filling:

Maple Caramel Sauce:

  • 1/2 cup  butter
  • 1 cup packed light brown sugar
  • 1/4 tsp. salt
  • 1/2 cup maple syrup

In a medium saucepan over medium-high heat, melt butter. Add sugar and salt. Cook, stirring constantly, until sugar is completely dissolved, then adjust heat to medium and boil 2 minutes longer. Add maple syrup and boil, stirring frequently, until sauce is thick, smooth, and coats a spoon, 2 to 4 minutes longer. Remove from heat and cool.

Maple Caramel Filling:

  • 6 tbsp butter, room temperature
  • 3 tbsp milk
  • 3 tbsp caramel sauce
  • 1/2 tsp vanilla extract
  • 2 cups icing sugar

Beat butter in a medium mixing bowl until smooth and creamy. Add in milk, caramel sauce, salt and vanilla extract. Gradually blend in sugar at medium/high speed until a thick, spreadable frosting comes together. Add more icing sugar gradually if frosting is too thin.

To assemble:

Put the icing in a piping bag with a large tip. Lay one cookie, top down, on your countertop, and ice it with the piping bag starting at the outer edges and spiralling in. Top with another cookie to make the sandwich complete. You could drizzle extra caramel sauce over the icing as well, or over the top of the whoopie pies.